Grendel and his kin are referred to with the Germanic eoten rather than the Latin gigant; Bandy puts this difference forward as evidence of the poet’s attention to Scriptural detail and of the “unexpectedly subtle – but thoroughly Augustinian – examination of the intertwined nature of good and evil” (235).
In fact, Bandy argues, the “moral ambivalence of gigantism” is ubiquitous in the poem (235), “[alerting] the reader to [the] peculiar temptations of pride” (239), and it effects Heremod, Hygelac, and Beowulf, all of whom display unusual size and stature.
While not as accurate as the traditional trowel, the hoe is an ideal tool for cleaning relatively large open areas of archaeological interest.
It is faster to use than a trowel, and produces a much cleaner surface than an excavator bucket or shovel-scrape, and consequently on many open-area excavations the once-common line of kneeling archaeologists trowelling backwards has been replaced with a line of stooping archaeologists with hoes.
Merriam-Webster has similar information: (1) “a rent formerly often stipulated in deeds and consisting in supplying a certain amount (as a pound) of black peppercorns at stated intervals”; (2) “a merely nominal rent in kind operating to keep alive a title.” There’s a little more history on !
) in Curious English Words and Phrases, and some legal notes at Wikipedia.
Russell was convinced and offered them a five-year lease at a peppercorn rent.
But this negligible financial exchange was once quite literally pepper-based.
Oxford Dictionaries labels the phrase British and say it originates in a once-common practice of “stipulating the payment of a peppercorn as a nominal rent”.
Laing and colleagues were looking for new premises for their experimental psychotherapy, and Kingsley Hall in London’s East End was a possibility.
(It would become “a hallowed shrine of the counter-culture movement”.) Clay writes: Sid Briskin visited and reported back favourably.