Military Service The 1840 census asked for the names and ages of "Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services, Included in the Foregoing [Household]." Pensioners included both veterans and widows. The pension files, which are especially useful, have been reproduced in NARA microfilm publication M804, (Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1996), which is available online or for purchase.
For example, veteran Alexander Tackels, aged 85, was enumerated in the household of Jonathan Arnold in Middlebury, Genesee (now Wyoming) Co., NY, and the widow Chloe Mc Cullar, aged 81 1/2, was enumerated in the household of W. Since elderly persons usually resided with kinfolk, the pensioners' presence in these households should be a clue that the pensioner may be related to someone in the household. Blake's wife's maiden name was Nancy Mc Cullar; she was one of Chloe Mc Cullar's children.
The census provided the age ranges of family members; names and exact dates of birth of Alexander's family members were obtained from other records.
The 1840 census reported the name and exact age of Revolutionary War pensioners; examples are given in the next section. This clue should lead the researcher to Revolutionary War military service and pension records.
Although the first six federal decennial censuses taken from 1790 through 1840 contain less data than those taken later, they still contain useful clues that should not be overlooked.
If household members engaged in agriculture (i.e., were farmers), the researcher should check for deeds and mortgages in the county recorder's office or equivalent agency, and for real and personal property tax records kept by the county auditor, county treasurer, or equivalent official.
Not all farmers owned land or livestock, of course, but it is always worthwhile to check all extant records for the place where a person is known to have lived. marshals and their assistants, persons engaged in manufacturing included both (1) both employees in "manufacturing establishments" and (2) "artificers, handicrafts men, and mechanics whose labor is preeminently of the hand, and not upon the field." The manufacturing census schedules in M279 include information about: Three cautions are in order, however: First, a person listed as a manufacturer in the population census may not be included in the 1820 manufacturing schedules in M279.
You know the production ranges and median dates of the three types of ceramics you recovered.
Your data is recorded below: To determine your site's mean ceramic date, follow these steps: 1) For each ceramic type, multiply the mean manufacturing date (x) by the # of sherds (f).