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The iron ores have been extracted from these regions.Besides iron, the Ghats are also known to harbour laterite and bauxite ores.The approximately 50 million population in this hot-spot exert tremendous pressure on its approximately 1,60,000 km2 of land area and expectedly lead to tremendous pressure on the forest area for agriculture, plantations and perennial crops.In fact, the Western Ghats has the highest density of 260 people/km2 among the hot-spots.About 60% of the Western Ghats is in the state of Karnataka.

Three major rivers Godavari, Krishna, and Kaveri arise from these Ghats Smaller rivers include the Chittar River, Bhima River, Sharavathi River, Hemavathi River Malaprabha River, Manimuthar River, Kabini River, Kallayi River, Kundali River, Pachaiyar River and the and Periyar.The Western Ghats are reported to have been formed during the break-up of the Gondwana land about 150 million years ago.The most predominant rock found in these Ghats are the Basalt.Covering approximately 1,40,000 sq km, these mountains are home to number of endemic plants and animal species.These hills are interrupted at Phalgat with a gap of about 30 km (Palghat gap).

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