states, such as Rhode Island, have blamed the rise of sexually transmitted diseases on social media tools like Tinder and Grindr, which allow users to search for potential partners with the simple swipe of a screen. Aids Healthcare Foundation took it a step further, putting up billboards across Los Angeles showing two pairs of silhouetted figures face to face.
Yet despite all the finger-pointing at these social media dating tools, some researchers say there just hasn't been enough research done to prove a link between these apps and the rise of sexually transmitted infections.
More troubling is her suggestion that, "If we live in a culture that teaches young people to care less about their own feelings, and everyone else's, that bodies are to be used and disposed of afterward, we can be sure that those lessons are going to spill over into everything else they do, and everything they are." While Freitas acknowledges that students are outwardly nonchalant and often smug about chronic hookups, she insists that privately, many feel they are missing out on something significant: intimate, good sex, the kind that happens without a stranger's offer of half a dozen Jägerbombs.
Some of them felt they'd become incapable of creating "valuable and real connections." Others complained of "deserving more than 3 a.m.
– 10 a.m., three nights a week." By their accounts, no-strings-attached sex sounded "mechanical" and "robotic" to Freitas, who writes, "Although many students talked at length about having had sex, few mentioned whether or not they had enjoyed any of it." Ultimately, she argues, hookup culture is a repressive place that trades love and real desire in for "greater access to sex – sex for the sake of sex." Jessica Maxwell recalls her own years at Queen's University, when she shared a house with six other women. '" Maxwell, now a social psychology Ph D student at the University of Toronto researching modern intimacy on campus, says: "There's far more chance of having an orgasm with a long-term romantic partner than with a first-time hookup.
I just kind of leave," says Annie, a 23-year-old psychology graduate from Lakehead University in Thunder Bay. "If I come home and they're still in my bed, I'd say, 'Um, k, I want to get on with my day.'" For students practising the bleary-eyed art of casual sex, a corresponding etiquette has emerged across campuses, where hookup culture remains the defining, tequila-soaked ritual of modern university life.
Research estimates that 80 per cent of undergraduates have at least one hookup, although those numbers tend to drop by half for encounters involving full-on intercourse – much more of it involves heavy make-out sessions and oral sex.