“Does the Residential School ADR Process Effect Reconciliation? “The Liability of Public Authorities for the Abuse of Children in Institutional Care: Common Law Developments in Canada and the United Kingdom.” Session. Tuesday, February 15, 2005, Thursday, February 17, 2005 and Tuesday, February 22, 2005. Ottawa: Minister of Public Works and Government Services, 2000. “Dealing with the Legacy of Native Residential School Abuse in Canada: Litigation, ADR, and Restorative Justice.” . Rodgers, Sanda, Rakhi Ruparelia and Louise Bélanger-Hardy.
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Violence against Indigenous women is a crucial theme, with the recurring images of women taken from Winnipeg and found murdered. A revenge fantasy is enacted when several of the older children assault him, dislocating his shoulder, as they prepare to run away from the school.
The efforts to reclaim language and culture and to indigenize forms of expression are treated with both sympathy and, in the depiction of Wayne’s isolation and idiosyncratic training program, some humour. Highway’s wry and ironic novel invokes figures from Cree religious traditions, including the cannibalistic Weetigo, in a powerful depiction of cultural survivance. The most sadistic of the abusive staff members, Father Speidel, goes as far as to concoct an offense by an innocent young girl as a way to justify beating her; the pleasure he takes in the children’s humiliation and pain is noted several times.
“Truth and Reconciliation: A ‘Dangerous Opportunity’ to Unsettle Ourselves.” In Younging et al. “Half-Truths and Whole Lies: Rhetoric in the ‘Apology’ and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.” In Younging et al, 219-229. (Ottawa: Law Commission of Canada, 1998), online: Library and Archives Canada Jeff and Cindy Holder. : Government Apologies, Truth Commissions, and Indigenous Self-Determination in Australia, Canada, Guatemala, and Peru.” 35.1 (March 2009): 137-159. “Exploring non-Aboriginal Attitudes towards Reconciliation in Canada: The Beginnings of Targeted Focus Group Research.” 329-339.
“Toward an Aboriginal paradigm of healing: addressing the legacy of residential schools.” .