and in default of such payment she shall be taken into the possession of the said Church wardens and disposed of for five years, and the said fine of fifteen pounds, or whatever the woman shall be disposed of for, shall be paid, one third part to their majesties ... The plaintiffs, Tony Pace and Mary Cox, were arrested under Alabama's Section 4189, which read:"[I]f any white person and any negro, or the descendant of any negro to the third generation, inclusive, though one ancestor of each generation was a white person, intermarry or live in adultery or fornication with each other, each of them must, on conviction, be imprisoned in the penitentiary or sentenced to hard labor for the county for not less than two nor more than seven years.""The counsel is undoubtedly correct in his view of the purpose of the clause of the amendment in question, that it was to prevent hostile and discriminating state legislation against any person or class of persons.and one other third part to the use of the parish ... Equality of protection under the laws implies not only accessibility by each one, whatever his race, on the same terms with others to the courts of the country for the security of his person and property, but that in the administration of criminal justice he shall not be subjected, for the same offense, to any greater or different punishment ..."The defect in the argument of counsel consists in his assumption that any discrimination is made by the laws of Alabama in the punishment provided for the offense for which the plaintiff in error was indicted when committed by a person of the African race and when committed by a white person ...Interracial marriage remains controversial in the Deep South, where a 2011 poll found that a plurality of Mississippi Republicans still supports anti-miscegenation laws.
Of the 3.6 million adults who got married in 2013, 58% of Native Americans, 28% of Asians, 19% of blacks and 7% of whites have a spouse whose race was different from their own.
ul.website_links, #posts_module ul #posts_module ul #page_container, .page_container .page_sub_body div#playlist_container div.player_controls div#global_player div.player_controls span.playlist_play_button, span.playlist_pause_button a.track_name span.track_options .page_column_narrow .page_column_narrow .player_wrapper .block_ad_container .module_header, .page_header .module.page_wrapper ul .no_content #friends_module p.nodisp #friends_module ul li div.result_item .page_column_narrow .module_wrapper ul li .header_cap_right a div.player_controls div.page_sub_body h3 #comment_module h3.module_header .playlist_container .list_options .page_container .block_ad_container .listener_profile .page_column_narrow div.track_meta_list, .listener_profile .page_column_narrow div.track_meta_list p .listener_profile .meta_mini_image .listener_profile .meta_mini .listener_profile .prev_next_link_container img .listener_profile .listener_profile .page_header .listener_profile .page_column_wide .horizontal_list.vertical_format li.album .listener_profile .module_header .listener_profile .page_column_narrow .border_light #listener_profile_posts_index #posts_module ul #listener_profile_posts_index h4 .listener_profile .listener #body_inner h4 #comment_module ul .horizontal_list.vertical_format li.photo .image_container .detail_label .detail_label:hover /****Button Color****/ span.playlist_play_button, span.playlist_pause_button, a.options_button, .button_expand.colored a, .button_expand.colored a span, .small_button.colored a, .small_button.colored a span, .button_expand.colored a:hover, .button_expand.colored a:hover span, .small_button.colored a:hover, .small_button.colored a:hover span, .event_row span.event_cal_month, #poster_refresh:hover, a.track_like:hover, .playlist_item .track_options a.track_like.selected, .playlist_item .track_options a.track_like.selected:hover, .detail_previous_next a:hover, .promonote_speech, .promonote_speech_arrow, .album_highlight a:hover, a.j Scroll Arrow Up, a.j Scroll Arrow Down, a.j Scroll Arrow Up:hover, a.j Scroll Arrow Down:hover, .view_more:hover, .player_volume .volume_meter, .playlist_item:hover .track_options_menu_button, .playlist_item:hover .track_options_menu_button:hover, .button_player .play_button, .button_player .pause_button, .detail_label:hover, a.play_launch, a.share_playlist_button, img.online_now_icon, a.track_remove:hover /****Button Color****/ a.image_container:hover img, div.played_progress, .view_more:hover, a.share_playlist_button /****Text Link Color****/ a, a:hover, .profile_nav ul li.profile_nav_selected a, #profile_nav ul li.profile_nav_selected a:hover, #poster_like:hover, #announcement_module a /****These Styles Reset the Blue****/ .pvblue div.
Centuries before the same-sex marriage movement, the U. government, its constituent states, and their colonial predecessors tackled the controversial issue of "miscegenation": race-mixing. "[F]orasmuch as diverse freeborn English women forgetful of their free condition and to the disgrace of our Nation do intermarry with Negro slaves by which also diverse suits may arise touching the [children] of such women and a great damage doth befall the Masters of such Negroes for prevention whereof for deterring such freeborn women from such shameful matches,"Be it further enacted by the authority advice and consent aforesaid that whatsoever freeborn woman shall intermarry with any slave from and after the last day of this present Assembly shall serve the master of such slave during the life of her husband, and that the [children] of such freeborn women so married shall be slaves as their fathers were.
The Fourteenth Amendment requires that the freedom of choice to marry not be restricted by invidious racial discriminations.
Under our Constitution, the freedom to marry, or not marry, a person of another race resides with the individual and cannot be infringed by the State." Following a November 7th ballot referendum, Alabama becomes the last state to officially legalize interracial marriage.