Acetate is used by the muscle cells to produce acetyl-Co A using the enzyme acetyl-Co A synthetase, and the acetyl-Co A is then used in the citric acid cycle.
As drinking increases, people become sleepy, or fall into a stupor.
Metabolism results in breaking down the ethanol into non-intoxicating byproducts.
Some effects of alcohol intoxication, such as euphoria and lowered social inhibition, are central to alcohol's desirability as a beverage.
8 grams or 10 ml (0.34 US fl oz) is one British standard unit.
An "abnormal" liver with conditions such as hepatitis, cirrhosis, gall bladder disease, and cancer is likely to result in a slower rate of metabolism.
Extreme levels of blood-borne alcohol may result in coma or death.
Alcohol intoxication is the result of drinking alcohol such that it enters the bloodstream faster than it can be metabolized by the body.
Acute alcohol poisoning is a related medical term used to indicate a dangerously high concentration of alcohol in the blood, high enough to induce coma, respiratory depression, or even death. The signs and symptoms of acute alcohol poisoning include: Alcohol is metabolized by a normal liver at the rate of about 8 grams of pure ethanol per hour.
For determining whether someone is intoxicated by alcohol by some means other than a blood-alcohol test, it is necessary to rule out other conditions such as hypoglycemia, stroke, usage of other intoxicants, mental health issues, and so on.
It is best if his/her behavior has been observed while the subject is sober to establish a baseline.
This can be done by removal of any vomitus or, if the person is unconscious or has impaired gag reflex, intubation of the trachea.
Additional medication may be indicated for treatment of nausea, tremor, and anxiety.