Some open access advocates believe that institutional repositories will play a very important role in responding to open access mandates from funders.
From 1 January 2007, at the completion of the DARE programme, KNAW Research Information has taken over responsibility for the DAREnet portal.
Some non-open access journals provide open access after an embargo period of 6–12 months or longer (see delayed open access journals).
Active debate over the economics and reliability of various ways of providing open access continues among researchers, academics, librarians, university administrators, funding agencies, government officials, commercial publishers, editorial staff and society publishers, as open access gradually gains in acceptance.
There are multiple ways authors can provide open access to their work.Open access itself (mostly green and gratis) began to be sought and provided worldwide by researchers when the possibility itself was opened by the advent of Internet and the World Wide Web.The momentum was further increased by a growing movement for academic journal publishing reform, and with it gold and libre OA.The Subversive Proposal to generalize the practice was posted in 1994.In order to reflect actual practice in providing two different degrees of open access, the further distinction between gratis open access and libre open access was added in 2006 by two of the co-drafters of the original BOAI definition.